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Element Analysis Research

Sources from our reference guide for practitioners.


1. Cutler AH. Hair Test Interpretation: Finding Hidden Toxicities. 2004

2. Nordberg et al. Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals. 3rd ed. 2007. Academic Press.

3. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 2004. Toxicological Profile for cesium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.

4. Mailloux R. et al Aluminum toxicity elicits a dysfunctional TCA cycle and succinate accumulation in hepatocytes.. J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2006;20(4):198-208.

5. Winship KA. Toxicity of antimony and its compounds. Adverse Drug React Acute Poisoning Rev. 1987 Summer;6(2):67-90

6. Zavala YJ, Duxbury JM. Arsenic in rice: I. Estimating normal levels of total arsenic in rice grain. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42(10):3856-60.)

7. Kwon E, et al. Arsenic on the hands of children after playing in playgrounds. Environ Health Perspect. 2004. ;112:1375-1380.

8. King D. letter. Testing for cesium and barium in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Neurotoxicol. 2008;29:750-51

9. Sawyer RT. et al. Chronic beryllium disease: a model interaction between innate and acquired immunity. Int Immunopharmacol. 2002 Feb;2(2-3):249-61.

10. Slikkerveer A. et al. Pharmacokinetics and toxicity of bismuth compounds. Med Toxicol Adverse Drug Exp. 1989 Sep-Oct;4(5):303-23.

11. Environmental Protection Agency. Toxicological Review of Boron and Compounds. 2002

12. Bland J et al. Clinical Nutrition: A Functional Approach. 1999. Institute for Functional Medicine. Gig Harbor, WA.

13. Newnham RE. Essentiality of boron for healthy bones and joints. Environ Health Perspect. 1994:102(7) Supp: 83-85

14. Pharmacists’ Letter eds. Natural Medicine Comprehensive Database online edition.

15. Jiang Y. et al. The toxic function of cesium 5-sulfosalicylate based on the investigation of its trans-eryrthrocytes membrane behaviors and morphological properties. Chem-Bio Inter. 2008;171:325-31

16. O’Brien C. et al. Cesium-Induced QT-Interval Prolongation in an Adolescent. Pharmacother. 2008;28(8):1059-1065

17. King D. Testing for cesium and barium in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Neurotoxicol. 2008:751 (letter to editor)

18. Zhong J et al. Cesium chloride protects cerebellar granule neurons from apoptosis induced by low potassium. Int J Neurosdi. 2007 Oct;25(6):359-65

19. Brewer AK. The high pH therapy for cancer tests on mice and humans. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1984;21 Suppl 1:1-5

20. Stuckert J. Low-cobalt diet for dyshidrotic eczema patients. Contact Dermatitis. 2008 Dec;59(6):361-5.

21. Dabeka RW, McKenzie AD. Survey of lead, cadmium, fluoride, nickel and cobalt in food composites and estimation of dietary intake of these elements by Canadians in 1986-1988. J AOAC Int. 1995;78(4):897-909

22. Medscape CME. What Nephrologists Need to Know About Gadolinium. http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/565694_2

23. Schauss AG. Nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity in humans from organogermanium compounds and germanium dioxide. Biol Trace Elem Res. 1991 Jun;29(3):267-80.

24. Tao SH. Hazard assessment of germanium supplements. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 1997 Jun;25(3):211-9.

25. Casarett L, Doull J, and Klaasen C. Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2001:854

26. Health Canada Website. Environmental and Workplace Health: Lead. accessed May 25, 2009. www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/water-eau/lead-plomb/i-eng.php

27. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Human Vitamin and Mineral Requirements Vitamin and Mineral Requirements in Human Nutrition. WHO Health Library. 1998. Bangkok, Thailand.

28. Health Canada Website. www.hc-sc.gc.ca

29. Gottschalk LA et al. Abnormalities in hair trace elements as indicators of aberrant behavior. Compr Psychiatry. 1991;32(3):229-37

30. Dufault R. et al. Mercury from chlor-alkali plants: measured concentrations in food product sugar. Environ Health. 2009 Jan 26;8:2

31. Canavese C. et al. Rubidium, Salami and Depression. Blood Purif 2008;26:311-14

32. Haas, Elsen. Staying Healthy with Nutrition. Celestial Arts. 2006:223-24

33. Paschalis C. et al. Effects of rubidium chloride on the course of manic-depressive illness. 1978;71:343-352

34. Reilly C. Selenium in food and Health. 2nd Ed. Springer 2006

35. Martin KR. The chemistry of silica and its potential health benefits. J Nutr Health Aging. 2007;11(2):94-98

36. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. U.S. Public Health Service Toxicological Profile for Thorium. 1990

37. Dang HS et al. Daily intake of thorium by an Indian urban population. Sci Total Environ. 1986 Dec 1;57:73-7.

38. Wetzels JF. Thorotrast toxicity: the safety of gadolinium compounds. Netherlands Journal of Medicine. 2007;65(8):276-7738.

39. Fawcett JP et al. The effect of oral vanadyl sulfate on body composition and performance in weight training athletes. Int J Sport Nutr. 1996;6(4):383-90

40. DRI Dietary Reference Intakes. National Academies Press, 2002

41. Ghosh S. et al. Zirconium: An abnormal trace element in biology. Biol Trace Element Res.1992;35:247-271